Located in central Europe, Hungary, was for centuries inhabited by a succession of peoples, including Celts, Romans, Germanic tribes, Huns, West Slavs and the Avars. The foundations of the Hungarian state were established in the late ninth century CE by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád following the conquest of the Carpathian Basin. His great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting his realm to a Christian kingdom. By the 12th century, Hungary became a regional power, reaching its cultural and political height in the 15th century. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Hungary was partially occupied by the Ottoman Empire (1541–1699). It came under Habsburg rule at the turn of the 18th century, and later joined Austria to form the Austro–Hungarian Empire, a major European power. In Budapest, discover more about the life of Hungarian Jewish sculptor, Margit Kovács, at her Ceramics Museum. Hungary enjoys a rich cultural history.

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Country Information - Hungary

  • Currency - The currency of Hungary is the Forint
  • How to Dress - Western dress is acceptable. The climate is northern European and so seasonally applicable comfortable clothing is recommended
  • Cultural Differences - Hungarians are hospitable. They enjoy hosting and socialising with their friends and family. Food is often a major point of socialising among Hungarians as well as a major source of pride. Many believe food is deeply important and much pride is associated with Hungarian cuisine. Particular Hungarian cuisine elements, such as the spice known as paprika, are highly cherished. The term ‘Hungarikum’ refers to any phenomenon that is unique to Hungary. The term stems from a combination of the word ‘Hungary’ or ‘Hungaria’ and ‘unikum’ meaning ‘unique’ in Hungarian. Hungarikums are often a source of pride and sense of identity for many Hungarians, both in Hungary and abroad. Hungarikums can range from animals and plants to folk music and dances. Often, various food products – such as gulyás soup and paprika – are considered to be Hungarikums
  • Language - The languages of Hungary is Hungarian
  • Tipping - It is commonplace to add a tip for good service in Hungary. Up to 10% is acceptable. Archaeological Tours will take care of gratuities to restaurant staff, local guides and drivers.